Die Stromschnellen von St Marie (The Rapids Of St Mary), Frank Buchser, 1868
By kind permission of the Kunsthaus Art Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland
This website was created by teacher Peter White for the Algoma District School Board
Samuel de Champlain c. 1574-1635
Samuel is known as the "Father of New France."
He was a navigator, guiding many wooden sailing ships across the Atlantic ocean to Canada. He was a cartographer (a map-maker) who made many of the first maps of Canada, including the first one to ever show Sault Ste. Marie.
He was a soldier, joining with several tribes to attack (unsuccessfully) their enemy, the Iroquois in 1615.
He was an explorer who was the first European in many parts of Eastern Canada and was the founder of the city of Quebec.
He was an ethnologist (a person who studies cultures) and introduced Europeans to the way of life practiced by the First Nations people that he had contact with.
The very nice picture to the left is actually not Samuel. There were no paintings made of him during his lifetime so no one knows what he really looked like!
This picture, meanwhile, is what a typical Frenchman of Champlain's time and status looked like.
What do you notice about his "fashion choices?" Would he fit right in today or look a little out of place?
He certainly looked strange to many First Nations people who thought facial hair made a person look very ugly.
Do you think we will look strange to people in the future? Why do we wear the kinds of things we wear today?