• Voices from the Gathering PlaceSault Ste. Marie: 1622 - 1870

Die Stromschnellen von St Marie (The Rapids Of St Mary), Frank Buchser, 1868

By kind permission of the Kunsthaus Art Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland

This website was created by teacher Peter White for the Algoma District School Board

Substitute Son


Why was John Tanner kidnapped by the Shawnee man, Manito-o-geezhik? As it turns out, the youngest son of Manito-o-geezhik's wife had died and she had told her husband that unless a replacement son was found, she could not continue living.


But that's not all!



After a while John Tanner's new Shawnee family encountered the woman Net-no-kwa. She was not only related to Manito-o-geezhik but she was an important chief of the Ottaways.


As it turns out, Net-no-kwa had also lost a son and she wanted John Tanner for herself! Because she was an important person and she was a very smart negotiator, John soon had his third mom.


This was very good news for young John Tanner because Net-no-kwa and her family were much kinder to him.


Portrait of John Tanner, frontispiece to A Narrative of the Captivity of John Tanner, DB2 T166 A12 1830 s.f., Item Number HSS13379 Courtesy of the Bentley Historical Museum, University of Michigan