• Voices from the Gathering PlaceSault Ste. Marie: 1622 - present day

Die Stromschnellen von St Marie (The Rapids Of St Mary), Frank Buchser, 1868

By kind permission of the Kunsthaus Art Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland

This website was created by teacher Peter White for the Algoma District School Board

The First Nations people who called Bawating (Sault Ste. Marie) home when the Europeans arrived in the 1600s were the Anishnaabe. The oral history of the Anishnaabe tells that they once lived near the "Great Sea Water" and that they followed a sacred miigis or seashell until they reached Bawating.

What did Bawating (Sault Ste. Marie) look like before the European settlers came? Here are some paintings from the 1800s.







Here are paintings made of Anishnaabe people in the 1800s by artists from Europe.

It is a treasure to have the images above that show Anishnaabe life from the 1800s at Bawating. But we must ask if the European paintings depict life as the Anishnaabe experienced it? How do you think they saw themselves? How did they see the world? Here are some examples.

Here is what some of the Anishnaabe leaders and elders of Bawating (Sault Ste. Marie) look like today.

The Anishnaabe

The Anishnaabe today

How the Europeans saw the Anishnaabe

How the Anishnaabe saw the world

Bawating before the settlers


Photo credit: Blogspot.com

Norval Morrisseau, "Migration" 1973 Anishnawbek 1873 ROM2005_4064_1

This is what the  Anishnaabe migration looks like  on google view. Where do you think the starting point and end point are? Do you think any of those map names existed when they made their journey? Where is Sault Ste. Marie on this map?



The Anishnaabe elder Nokomis has said that the lines indicate that there is a relationship between the things connected. The lines show the direct relationship between the human and animal world.


What do the red lines connect in the painting?