Die Stromschnellen von St Marie (The Rapids Of St Mary), Frank Buchser, 1868
By kind permission of the Kunsthaus Art Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland
This website was created by teacher Peter White for the Algoma District School Board
What does this paddler have in his mouth?
Canoe Manned by Voyageurs Passing a Waterfall (Ontario), 1869, by Frances Anne Hopkins
Courtesy vLibrary and Archives Canada under the reproduction reference number C-002771 and under the MIKAN ID number 2894967
This man is smoking a pipe. The voyageurs would stop about once an hour for a pipe break. A little break once in a while
was nice since they were expected to work 14 hours a day
and carry two 90 pound packs when it was time to portage
around rapids like the ones at Sault Ste. Marie.
Brenda Powley of the Métis Nation of Ontario has said
that the clay pipes would get chipped off a bit at a time
by the voyageur's teeth and that some of them would
measure how long the trip had been by how much
of their pipe stem was left.