• Voices from the Gathering PlaceSault Ste. Marie: 1622 - present day

Die Stromschnellen von St Marie (The Rapids Of St Mary), Frank Buchser, 1868

By kind permission of the Kunsthaus Art Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland

This website was created by teacher Peter White for the Algoma District School Board

What does this paddler have in his mouth?

Click here to find out




Canoe Manned by Voyageurs Passing a Waterfall (Ontario), 1869, by Frances Anne Hopkins

Courtesy vLibrary and Archives Canada under the reproduction reference number C-002771 and under the MIKAN ID number 2894967

This man is smoking a pipe. The voyageurs would stop about once an hour for a pipe break. A little break once in a while

was nice since they were expected to work 14 hours a day

and carry two 90 pound packs when it was time to portage

around rapids like the ones at Sault Ste. Marie.


Brenda Powley of the Métis Nation of Ontario has said

that the clay pipes would get chipped off a bit at a time

by the voyageur's teeth and that some of them would

measure how long the trip had been by how much

of their pipe stem was left.