• Voices from the Gathering PlaceSault Ste. Marie: 1622 - present day

Die Stromschnellen von St Marie (The Rapids Of St Mary), Frank Buchser, 1868

By kind permission of the Kunsthaus Art Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland

This website was created by teacher Peter White for the Algoma District School Board


After the war of 1812 there were two Sault Ste. Marie's, an American one and a British one. (Canada didn't become Canada until 1867.)


This meant that when Theophilus rowed across the river to the British side to cut some wood for a fence, he was breaking the law which Major Joe was only too happy to let him know.


As the story goes, when Major Joe rowed across the river to do some business later on that same day, he was told to let Theophilus cut some British wood and when he said no they put him in jail for three days.


For those three days no one, including his wife(!), on the Canadian side of the river knew what had happened to him.


The Americans finally let Joe go but he never did let them cut some of that British wood.


Have you ever had to pay a price for "sticking to your guns" about something where you refused to back down? Was it worth it? How can you know for sure if you were in the right?


Fort Brady from the River, from Indian Names And History Of The Sault Ste Marie Canal, by Dwight H. Kelton, 1889. Artist unknown.